THE QUALITY OF MET OF SHIP OFFICERS IN NIGERIA
1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Nigeria is a West African nation with a shoreline of about eight hundred and seventy kilometers lengthy and land occupying an space of about 9 hundred 13 thousand and seventy-five kilometers sq. (Otobo, 1997). It’s geographically situated between the tropics and experiences the equatorial local weather thus making the nation obtain heavy rainfall and excessive humidity. Due to this, the nation could be very productive and has a excessive inhabitants (AfDevinfo, 2014). As a matter of reality, it’s the nation with the very best inhabitants in Africa with about 100, seventy million folks. Of this, barely over fifty % of the inhabitants is above the poverty line and about 5 million of the Nigerian youths are unemployed (Mwalinu, 2005).
None the much less, despite the huge assets the nation has and the excessive fee of unemployment particularly among the many youth (Lazarus, 2013). It was essential to faucet into the marine assets to extend the general GDP of the nation and in addition cut back the degrees of unemployment among the many youths (Pardo, 1999). The nation started investing into the marine trade because the discovery of oil within the area and since then there was a rise within the variety of assets which have been put to extend the productiveness of the trade (Khalifa & Abdul-Azia, 2010). At the moment, in Nigeria, the Marine trade is a serious sector of the economic system and contributes a significantly to the nation’s whole GDP. With the broad shoreline of about eight hundred Kilometers, there’s lots of potential within the marine trade of the nation that has thus far been untapped (AfDevinfo, 2014). As a matter of reality, in an try and empower the youth of the nation, the federal government of Nigeria has been on the forefront to enhance the maritime trade of Nigeria to cut back the unemployment ranges among the many youths (Khalifa & Abdul-Azia, 2010).
The significance of marine trade can’t be over-emphasized; it is because research have proven that the marine trade accounts for over seventy % of all of the transport necessities on the planet at present (Peters, 1998). This reveals the potential of the marine trade and in addition provides a glimpse of the variety of advantages the nation can get by investing on this trade. Since there are oil deposits within the nation, the nation is resting assured to get lasting advantages from this trade (Ringard, 1999).
The multiplier impact of the marine trade is kind of encouraging, for instance, research have proven that for each job created in within the transport trade as a marine service provider, there are four.four extra jobs created inside the nation (Ryle, 2008). Subsequently, this multiplier impact makes it simpler for the nation to curb the unemployment ranges by guaranteeing a good distribution of jobs inside the nation (Khalifa & Abdul-Azia, 2010). By investing within the marine trade, this multiplier impact would improve the speed at which the Nigerian youth get jobs at a excessive fee. Aside from this, the opposite multiplier impact exhibited by this trade is that for each greenback generated by the employees on this sector, about three.four are generated inside the economic system. This comes about as a result of in depth buying and selling that happens on the shoreline whereby the speed of cash could be very excessive as cash adjustments palms extra shortly. Aside from this overseas change additionally performs a giant function on this multiplier impact (Mwalinu, 2005).
The nation gives setting of buying and selling in that within the West African states that border the Atlantic Ocean, about 80% of the companies that happen alongside the entire west African shoreline takes place alongside the Nigerian shoreline (Sota, 2012). This is a sign of the excessive potential the nation has in excelling within the marine trade (Lazarus, 2013).
Aside from this, Nigeria is the sixth largest producer of crude oil globally and has an unlimited reserve of gasoline which has excessive worth as it’s a useful resource that may get depleted. Along with this, the nation is a big producer of agricultural merchandise and in addition imports massive volumes of completed and semi-finished items (AfDevinfo, 2014). These massive volumes of products can be rather more costly if transported to the buying and selling nations by way of air and even street since most of them are cumbersome gear or cumbersome. None the much less, purchase transporting these items by ship, the price of transportation is considerably cheaper and huge volumes of products could be ferried throughout nations (Mwalinu, 2005). By investing within the transport trade, the nation would save a great deal of money that might as a substitute be used to foster financial growth of the nation.
With respect to the advantages introduced within the nation by the Nigerian nationals as a result of crude oil enterprise (Osalor, 2013). It was seen that within the late 2008 and early 2013, there was a rise within the manufacturing of crude oil within the area which in flip elevated the variety of advantages that might have accrued within the nation (Haralambides, 2014). Nonetheless, it was additionally found that there was no single Nigerian concerned on this exercise, not as a transport service provider because the ships didn’t have a Nigerian flag therefore all the advantages that depend have come into the nation have been taken elsewhere as depicted by the multiplier impact though the crude oil useful resource is in Nigeria (Khalifa & Abdul-Azia, 2010).
Along with this, research have proven that Nigeria produces roughly 900 million barrels of crude oil in a 12 months. Whereby the transport vessels that transport the crude oil will get a freight cost of about one and 1 / 4 billion a 12 months (Umejuru, 2002). Nonetheless, since Nigeria has no transport line, no fraction of the freight advantages goes into the nation though the assets naturally happen within the nation.
The marine trade, as soon as absolutely tapped, would improve the variety of obtainable jobs within the nation by a big proportion (AfDevinfo, 2014). For instance, among the jobs that might be created embrace; vessel repairs and upkeep, cargo dealing with, anchor dealing with, pilot and towage providers, warehousing, growth ports, jetty infrastructure and so forth. nevertheless, these jobs can’t come into realization if the nationals of the nation aren’t competent sufficient to deal with the workload that’s positioned on them (Osalor, 2013). Along with this, if an individual goes forward and research the required disciplines required in doing such duties, most of them can be rendered inactive because the nation doesn’t have a transport line and in addition lacks the required equipment to do high quality work (Vanstone, 2007).
From the background data, it’s clear that Nigeria is lacking out so much on the advantages they’re alleged to accrue from the marine trade. As a matter of reality, it’s the developed nations that commerce with Nigeria that get a lot of the advantages that the Nigerians are alleged to get (Haralambides, 2014). With the Equatorial local weather that makes the nation wealthy in agriculture and the massive reserved of gasoline and crude oil, you will need to discover out and subsequently resolve the difficulty that’s hindering the nation from fully tapping into this trade (Jones, 2010). In an try to investigate the supply of the issue, analysis reveals that there are two doable causes; the primary one is that the standard of maritime training and coaching in Nigeria is lower than requirements or the Authorities has did not implement the Cabotage Act by means of NIMASA (Wagner, 2009).
This paper concentrates on the standard of maritime training and coaching of ship officers in Nigeria as a doable explanation for the issue hindering the Marine trade from reaching its full potential and subsequently making the nation accrue the complete advantages of the trade that goes to developed overseas nations.
The goal of this paper is to investigate the challenges of maritime training and coaching of ship officers in Nigeria and its impact on their employability.
In an try to attain the primary goal of this paper, the next targets have been arrived upon which when analyzed would lead one to know whether or not the standard of training supplied to the ship officers by the maritime training and coaching establishment in Nigeria is of high quality requirements or not.
1. Assess the present maritime training and coaching system in Nigeria.
2. Determine the present issues hindering the achievement of high quality training and coaching of Nigeria ship officers.
three. Evaluation the influence of coaching Nigerian ship officers obtain in the direction of their line of labor.
four. Discover numerous methods to develop the standard of training and coaching in Nigeria’s Maritime Schooling and Coaching establishments to boost ship officers’ employability.
In an try to attain the goal of this research the researcher confronted sure challenges that might have in any other case made the analysis a lot simpler. The primary problem is that the analysis is restricted to sure folks within the marine trade, these are ship officers who’re Nigerian nationals. It was vital to make sure that the ship officers have been Nigerian nationals since they’re the one ones who’ve first-hand details about the Nigerian maritime training and coaching (Haralambides, 2014). Aside from this, they’re the one ones who’re additionally within the transport trade and may, subsequently, inform whether or not the coaching they acquired within the maritime coaching establishments was related or not (Worthham, 2008). The second limitation was the time, locational and monetary constraints, whereby the analysis was alleged to be accomplished in a selected time period therefore limiting additional information assortment and analysis necessities (Morrison, 2011). The analysis additionally had monetary constraints throughout the information assortment course of and in addition in arranging for logistics (Muirhead, 1998).
Along with this, with the aforementioned constraints, because the analysis required major information assortment, it was not simple to attain the related quantity for legitimate outcomes conserving in thoughts that the central restrict theorem requires that respondents ought to be greater than 30 for the pattern to be a consultant of the entire inhabitants (Ofori, 1997). This was partly as a result of the few respondents who have been obtainable have been additionally too busy to get time to fill within the questionnaire.
1.6 STUDY OUTLINE
The research of the standard of maritime training and coaching of ship officers in Nigeria is split into 5 chapters so as to deliver in regards to the goal of the research. These embrace; The Introduction and the background data, the literature evaluation part, that gathers related factors from legitimate and reviewed secondary sources which can be related to this research. The methodology part that explains how information was collected, the sampling procedures used and explains how and why the information collected was analyzed in a specified method. The evaluation part gathers the information collected from the first sources and processes them into extra significant data that can be utilized to attract conclusions of the analysis (Haralambides, 2014). The dialogue and evaluation part interprets and explains the findings arrived on the information evaluation part and explains why that’s the case of the matter (Yakushenkov, 2003). And the final part is the conclusion and reflection of the research that provides an outline of the entire research and summarizes it.
The background data of this research clearly brings out the significance of the marine trade by exhibiting the advantages developed nations get particularly by means of the multiplier impact. By partaking with this trade, the federal government of Nigerian authorities is certain to cut back the unemployment ranges among the many youth and in addition improve the final productiveness of the nation. For over half a decade after the nation has began investing into the marine trade, the progress made is minimal in comparison with the excessive potential the nation has (Zade, 2007). An summary of the issues confronted on this trade narrows down the supply of the difficulty to 2 establishments; i.e. both the federal government of the maritime coaching establishments. On this analysis paper, maritime coaching establishments are investigated and particularly the standard of maritime training and coaching of ship officers in Nigeria.